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Introduction to Satipatthana, Mediation and Mindfulness

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Introduction to Satipatthana

Ananda thero has heard this sutra and the sermon was as follows. Once upon a time, the Blessed One lived in a village called the Kuru Colony in the Kuru country. At that time, he addressed the monks as “monks.” Those monks replied, “Lord” to the Blessed One.

Introduction to Satipatthana, Mediation and Mindfulness
Preaching Satipatthana Sutta | Source: The Zen Studies Podcast

This sutra was uttered by the Blessed One. “Monks! “For the purity of beings, the eradication of sorrow and suffering, the annihilation of pain, the arrival of the Noble Eightfold Path, and the achievement of nirvana, if one exists, this is the sole path to nirvana (the one and only method).”

Kuru Country

When Maha Mandhatu, the Sakvithi monarch, departed Dambadiva with the power of Chakraratna to informed the residents of the continents of Pubbavideha, Aparagoyana, and Uturakuru that Dambadiva was a really noble country.

The country called Videha is named after the monarch and those who arrived to Dambadiva, as well as the place where the people who had previously come from Videha lived. Aparagoyana’s inhabitants dwell in the Aparanta populated area. Kururata is the populated region of North Kuru Island.

Kuru Country lies to the north and west of Dambadiva. Kuru Colony or Kuru Country is said to have been the home of people at this time, including king princes named Kuru, and this Kururat is considered to be Delhi.

Introduction to Satipatthana, Mediation and Mindfulness
Kuru Country | Source: India Map

Kammassadhamma was a small type of village with modern features. Therefore, the area where this sutra was preached is said to be Kammasadamma Nigama. The Blessed One did not have a temple to work in that modest village.

Not far from it, in a certain dark place, there was a big tree, and it also had water for consumption. Kammasadamma took Nigamaya as a prey village, lived in the forest, and preached the Satipattana Sutra.

Why was the Maha Satipatthana Sutta preached in Kuru territory?

It just so happened that the people of the Kuru nation were intelligent and evolved at the time because they had profited from a healthy environment, food, and bodies and brains. They were able to hear and comprehend the profound Dhamma tales.

Introduction to Satipatthana, Mediation and Mindfulness
Intelligent | Source: www.rgj.com

He preached the Satipattana Sutra to the people of Kuru country with twenty-one (21) Karmasthans deep-meaning that can lead to salvation from sorrow.  sathipattana sutta, This community preached and followed, like receiving a precious gold pot and placing the precious thing in it.

This meditation has been preached before.

In that country, starting from the lowly people such as the servants to monks, nuns, male devotee and female devotee, all four groups were engaged in satipatthana meditation. Likewise, they are often involved in the Dharma discussion about Satipatthana.

Introduction to Satipatthana, Mediation and Mindfulness
Meditation | Source: Buddha Weekly

Hence, this sutra was preached there. Not only this, he recited the sutras in this place: Maha Nidana, Saropama, Rukkhupama, Ratthapala, Magandiya, Anenja Sappaya, which have other deep meanings.

According to the commentary, this sutra was preached there because most of the people in Kururata were regularly engaged in Satipatthana discussion and meditation.

Introduction to Satipatthana, Mediation and Mindfulness
Meditating Group| Source: Myanmar Net

As a result, it is obvious that this dharma was undoubtedly proclaimed in various locations prior to the teaching of the Maha Satipatthana Sutta, as recorded in the Satipatthana Samyutta, etc. However, Satipatthana meditation contains twenty-one pabbas and is thoroughly discussed in the Maha Satipatthana Sutta.

Mindfulness and Satipatthana

Satipatthana is the consciousness that stops the disobedient mind that runs towards various goals like a fierce young bull, and binds that mind and body to a goal. Further, the four objectives where the consciousness called sati resides are called satipatthana.

Introduction to Satipatthana, Mediation and Mindfulness
Characteristics of Bull | Source: Alamy

These four are corporeality , feelings, craving consciousness, and norms. Single Path (Eka Ayana Magga) Here, ayana is a name for a path. So eka yana is one way. By adding the same sound to the word Ekayana, Ekayana magga is used to express an exaggeration.

Therefore, this Satipatthana is the only path that is extremely helpful in getting rid of the defilements of beings, getting rid of Soka Parideva (sorrow), attaining Sovan, etc., and attaining Nirvana.

Hence it was said, “Ekamaggoti eko eva maggo, na hi nibbanagami maggo anjo atthi.” If you follow this Satipatthana path, you will definitely not go wrong on your way to Nirvana. There are no side roads connected to this route to go in any direction other than Nirvana.

Introduction to Satipatthana, Mediation and Mindfulness
Following the Path of Nibbana | Source: BIGSTOCK

Through this Satipatthana path, one can transcend sorrow like Santhati Mahamatya. Like Patachara, wailing can also be transcended. There is something worth mentioning here.

That is, while listening to the sermon, one should not think that the results of the path will be achieved without thinking about the Satipattana meditation method. That is clearly stated in the commentary.

By meditating on satipatthana goals, one can get Norble outcome

It is true that Santhati Mahamatya was relieved to hear stanza. It is also true that Patachara became sotapatti after hearing the stanzas.

Introduction to Satipatthana, Mediation and Mindfulness
Patachara | Source: Wikimedia commons

But without meditating on any of the four satipatthana goals of body, pain, mind, and norms, there is no wisdom meditation that can gain wisdom or knowledge of the path.

Therefore, the Santhati minister and Patachara also thought about the purpose of Satipattana and said in the commentary that it should be firmly considered that the sorrow and wailing were surpassed through this Satipattana route.

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